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Car Brakes And Brake Pads Hastings

Car Hastings Garage Services

Car Brakes And Brake Pads »

Car Brake Repairs: Hydraulic Pipes, Discs, Pads

Car brake discs convert the kinetic energy of the vehicle into heat as speed is reduced; if the brakes are applied often with aggressive driving or due to the momentum of a long hill descent then it is possible for the disc rotors to glow red hot and an uneven build up of friction material can be deposited on the disc surface from the pad

Car Master Cylinder & Slave cylinders: Car hydraulic brakes rely on a piston to translate movement on the brake pedal or actuator to transfer stopping power to the disc brakes; the brake fluid needs to be replaced regularly along with the Car brake pads

Need new Car brake pads or discs?
Use our form to get your brakes inspected and fit replacement Car brake parts

Car pads are made from a high friction compound that leaves a film of material on the disc rotor surface to effectively increase the stopping force that can be applied to the vehicle

Car brake pads are designed be replaced regularly and wear faster than the disc or rotor

When pads are not used gently at first to bed in, or after aggressive driving where the discs glow hot; the uneven transfer of material from Car brake pad to disc can cause variations in Car disc thickness that can cause vibration during braking that is sometimes mistaken for warped discs

Car Brake Servicing Hastings

Car Brakes And Brake Pads Hastings

Hastings: Car Brakes Fitted

Car Brakes
Routine Car servicing, replacement Car brake pads & discs fitted, Car hydraulic pipework and joints inspected, repaired or replaced for a complete braking system overhaul

Car Tyres
Steel wheels, alloy wheels and tyres repaired and replaced with cheap tyres, run-flat tyres or low profile & performance tyres depending upon your budget and driving requirements. Part-Worn tyres may be available for your Car model

Car Fuel Pumps
Often replaced at a milestone service if the fuel pump is operated by the Timing belt

Car Gearboxes
Car Manual & Automatic gearbox servicing & repair - Fitting a new or reconditioned Car gearbox

Car Autoelectrics
Car electrical faults diagnosed - OBD fault finding - Car engine fault codes checked & service lights reset - ECU problems, key coding and CANBUS systems checked

Car Cooling System
Replacement Car radiators fitted, cooling system pipework inspected for leaks and cooling fluid replaced to keep your Car engine at its optimal operating temperature

Car Engines
Car Engine repairs, cylinder head skimming, valves & pistons

Car Exhausts
Car Engine manifolds, Front box, Back box, catalytic converter and exhaust pipes for Car Exhausts fitted & welded

Car Body Panels
Replacement Car panels fitted & sprayed to match - Light Car Panel damage repairs

Car Starter Motors
Replacement Car Starter motors installed

Car Oil Change & Filters Replaced
Car Air filters, pollen filters; oil filter & fuel filter replaced, engine oil changed - Multigrade or Synthetic oils

Car EGR Valves
Replacement Car EGR valves - ensure the exhaust gas recirculation system is functioning correctly on your Car - The EGR valve helps your Car burn fuel more efficiently by recirculating a portion the exhaust gas through combustion chamber and helps reduce Car engine emissions; a broke or sticking EGR valve can be the cause of an MOT failure due to excessive emissions

Car Performance Spares
OEM Car parts fitted or replaced with alternative performance parts

Car Suspension System
Car replacement shock absorbers & springs fitted for front or rear suspension problems, broken springs. Custom suspension systems installed, lowering springs fitted

Car Electrical Components
Car electrical faults repaired using Car OEM components - Car sensors checked e.g. Lambda sensors, air flow meters etc

Car Clutches
Car clutch repairs Hastings - Checking for leaks and repairing-replacing the clutch master-slave cylinder and fitting a new Car Clutch kit

Car Timing Belt - Car Cambelt
Car Timing Belts replaced as part of a planned Car service or if the Timing Belt on your Car has snapped then a full engine inspection for valve & piston damage

Car Paint Resprays
Paint resprays for minor scratch damage to the Car paint surface or coating; Custom paintwork to make your Car different using metallic paints, pearlescent pigments or company colours.

Car Alternators
Replacement Car alternators fitted

Car Service - Car Braking Systems - Hydrauic Brake Maintenance

Modern Car braking systems use hydraulic links to transfer stopping power

The brake pedal controls the Master Cylinder (a fluid filled hydraulic piston) that transfers stopping power to the brakes

Braking increases hydraulic brake fluid pressure

Car brakes can last for thousand of miles depending on use and regular service

The enforced contact between the brake pads and brake drum or brake disc increases friction to slow down or stop the vehicle

The hydraulic brake fluid is a non-compressible liquid so braking pressure is transferred via the brake pipes to the wheels and operates a slave cylinder piston that forces the brake pads against a brake drum or brake disc

Car Hydraulic Disc Brake and Drum Brake Systems

In hydraulic braking systems, braking pressure operates a slave cylinder

Drum Brakes are an older system than Car disc brakes and use two half moon shaped brake shoes that move outwards during use to apply a frictional stopping force against the inside of a brake drum

Drum Brakes, if fitted, are usually found on Car rear wheels

Hydraulic braking pressure forces a brake calliper to press the brake pads against the disc to apply the necessary stopping force

Car disc brakes have a pair of high friction brake pads mounted either side of a brake disc

Car Brake Servicing - Car Brake Maintenance & Parts Replacement

Car brake discs will wear and need replacing eventually and should be inspected for pitting

if the Car brakes overheat and are allowed to cool with pressure still applied for m the brake pads/shoes then it is possible for the disc to warp.

Car Brakes will safely function correctly without the need for replacement for many thousands of miles

If the Car brake discs warp then they should be replaced immediately

The brake pads on your Car should wear first

Car Brake Servicing & Inspection Hastings

Clean and remove brake dust and loose corrosion and dirt from drums

Top Up Brake and Clutch Fluid Levels or

Lubricate Hand Brake Linkages

Hydraulic brake pipe fittings and joints for corrosion and leaking

Brake calliper operation

Adjust handbrake

Handbrake function and travel

Replace Brake Fluid if necessary

Brake pipe Condition

Auxiliary handbrake shoes where appropriate

Wheel cylinder condition

ABS warning light operation

And carry out the following maintenance of your Car braking system:-

Hand brake linkage condition

Brake drum condition

General brake disc condition

Correct brake pad movement and level of wear

Car Steering System

The tyre tread is rapidly removed from the inner or outer tyre edge of your front tyres

One of the first signs of a potential problem with your Car steering system is uneven tyre wear

Common symptoms of Car steering alignment problems include:-
Vehicle Drift - Your Car tends to pull left or right when travelling in a straight line
Modern Power steering and Drive by Wire Systems do not have the same mechanical linkages between the steering column and drive wheels making it difficult to 'feel' how the steering is performing.

The tyres will need to be replaced much sooner than necessary until the steering rack is adjusted to bring your wheels into correct alignment

Car steering inspections:-

Correct Tyre Pressure - inc Spare

Wheel Bearings for wear - play or noise

Power Steering Reservoir Levels and Top Up

Steering Linkages for wear and corrosion

Correct wheel nut torque to manufacturer's recommendations

Tyre Condition - inc Spare

Correct wheel balance, including spare

Car Tyre wear and wheel alignment

Steering Condition

Steering Rack Gaiter condition

Car Services: Brakes Servicing and Repair

Modern braking systems use hydraulic links to transfer stopping power.

Brakes can last for thousand of miles depending on use and regular service.

The enforced contact between the brake pads and brake drum or brake disc increases friction to slow down or stop the vehicle.

The hydraulic brake fluid is a non-compressible liquid so braking pressure is transferred via the brake pipes to the wheels and operates a slave cylinder piston that forces the brake pads against a brake drum or brake disc.

Braking increases hydraulic brake fluid pressure.

The brake pedal is attached the Master Cylinder; a fluid filled hydraulic piston.

Car Replacement Timing Belt or Cambelt Hastings

Timing belts must be replaced at a specified manufacturer's interval. The timing belt should also be inspected regularly and replaced immediately if there is any evidence of cracking or fraying cuts or excessive wear

If the timing belt snaps it will most probably cause serious engine damage. The camshaft stops turning with some of the valves left in the open position. In a Free Running Engine there is enough clearance between a fully open valve and the piston head to avoid serious damage. In an Interference Engine there is no clearance and the engine relies upon accurate timing to keep the valves and piston head separated. With a broken timing belt; the inertia helps the crankshaft to rotate freely forcing the pistons to strike the open valves resulting in damaged valves, pistons, and possibly even damage to the cylinder head

Often it is prudent to replace a combination of items associated with the timing system. Most of the needed Car parts can be obtained as timing kits containing the appropriate timing components; such as: Car timing belt
timing belt tensioners
timing belt tensioner idler roller
front lower crank shaft seal
water pump gasket

Generally Car belts should be replaced every 60,000 miles or less. So, if you have just bought a secondhand Car that has 40,000 to 80,000 miles then it is important to know if the timing belt has been replaced or needs replacing. Check the Car Owner's manual for your model for the recommended changing frequency

High compression diesel engines are normally interference engines

The toothed belt connecting the engine crankshaft to the camshaft is known as the Cambelt or Timing belt

Since Car Timing Belts are hidden inside the engine they tend to be forgotten when purchasing a used Car

The Timing Belt synchronizes the camshaft to the crankshaft position ensuring the valves open and close at the correct time in relation to the piston. Some vehicles use a cam chain in place of the belt or a timing gear system instead

Car Clutch Operation

The pressure plate comprises heavy-duty release springs, a metal pressure ring acting as a high friction surface to interact with the clutch disc, a thrust ring (or thrust fingers) for the release bearing, and release levers

Engaging the clutch forces the clutch against the flywheel transmitting power from the crankshaft to the transmission shaft

The Car clutch disc is, not surprisingly, a disc with each side covered in a high friction material. It is designed to engage with the high-friction surfaces of the pressure plate and flywheel. It is also designed to transmit power to theCar transmission system

When the clutch is dis-engaged the clamping force is removed so the clutch disc spins with the flywheel and no power is transmitted

Disengaging the clutch acts on heavy-duty release springs to isolate the pressure plate so that the disc is no longer pressed against the flywheel

Car Clutch failure often occurs when one or more of the high friction surface materials wears out on the disc. Even when the pressure plate is engaged and a clamping force is applied, there is no longer sufficient friction to transmit power without the clutch slipping. Normally the Car clutch disc and pressure plate are replaced. Replacing the Car Clutch is a major operation and it is sometimes advisable to replace a number of items, often supplied as a Car Clutch kit:-
Car clutch disc
pressure plate
release bearing
pilot bearing - bushing (when required)
internal Car clutch slave cylinder

The centre of the clutch disc has a spline pattern that matches splines on the power input shaft of the transmission system

Car Fuel Injection Systems

EFI - Electronic Fuel Injection
The Car fuel injection system is controlled by a mini-computer or Electronic Control Unit (ECU) that assimilates data from a series of temperature sensors and oxygen or lambda sensors providing feedback to help optimise fuel efficiency and power under a variety of conditions

Car Engine Mapping
The Car ECU controlling engine performance is pre-programmed with software containing embedded data on engine performance for different combinations of engine speed and acceleration

Car Re-Mapping Hastings
The Car ECU can be replaced with a programmable ECU or re-mapped to electronically alter the engine performance characteristics

Car Fuel Injection
Fuel injection systems mix fuel with just the right amount of air for optimal combustion & energy release in an internal combustion engine

LPG Petrol or Diesel Metering
Fuel Injection systems have replaced carburetors for the accurate mixing and delivering of petrol, lpg or diesel fuel in modern Car vehicles

Car Engine Oil Change

Oil Change Masterclass
Keep a small amount of the engine oil used in your next oil change in a sealed container; then when you check your oil level with the dipstick you can compare the lubricity or lubricating properties of the oil against your fresh oil:- If the oil on the dipstick seems thin compared to your reference oil sample; it may be time to get an oil change to keep your Car running smoothly

Moisture Scavengers - Detergents - Acidity Regulators
Moisture scavengers, detergents and acidity regulators prevent all kinds of contaminants degrading and abrading the internal moving surfaces of your Car engine minimising the effects that water, particles, and fuel combustion residus can have on Car performance
Once they have absorbed the maximum amount of water and other contaminants; the risk of corrosion and failure in your in your Car engine increases

Anti Oxidants
Preventing internal engine oxidation in your Car motor is the job of sacrificial anti-oxidants present in the lubricating oil; Anti oxidants are sacrificed to protect your engine and will eventually be depleted making it necessary to change your oil regularly

Oil Change Frequency
The mechanics rule of thumb with traditional multigrade engine oils used to be "change the oil every 3000 miles" but many vehicle manufacturers indicate 5000 to 7000 miles. Initially, follow the Car recommended oil change guidelines to ensure you validate your warranty.

Oil & Filter Change
A new Car oil filter and oil change shouldn't need a specialist Car engineer and is minimal compared to the cost of an Engine Rebuild; with regular maintenance and routine servicing working out cheaper than disaster recover when your Car engine fails

Synthetic Oil Change - Hastings
Modern synthetic oils can last longer than old petroleum based multigrades because they are more inert with a laboratory designed molecular structure and fewer natural catalytic impurities that increase oil breakdown compared to the cheaper engine oils

Oil Composition
Engine Lubricating Oil is composed of hundreds of chemicals; some can interact chemically, polymerise, oxidise and break down with the extreme conditions of temperature & shear forces pulling the oil molecules apart in your Car engine thus, changing the lubrication properties.

Car Exhaust Fitting Hastings

Corroded exhaust pipes allow fumes and noise to escape; increasing the risk of poisonous carbon monoxide entering the cabin and significantly increasing noise making detection an easy task

The Car exhaust system allows poisonous gases from the fuel combustionto vent into the atmoshpere away from the driver and cabin

Explosions from the instantaneous ignition of the compressed fuel and air igniting in the combustion chamber creat a lot of noise that needs to be silenced in the urban environment

The exhaust pipework helps muffle and deaden the noise from the fuel combustion process

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Car Replacement Tyres: Fit new tyres to your Car

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Car ABS - Anti-lock Braking System

  • ABS Ecu
  • ABS Pump Modulator Combined
  • ABS Pump
  • ABS Control Unit
  • ABS Sensor
  • ABS Modulator

Car Air Conditioning

  • Car AC Pump
  • Car AC Condenser
  • Car AC Radiator
  • Car AC Fluid Top Up
  • Car AC Compressor
  • Car AC Evaporator
  • Car AC Receiver Drier

Car Fuel, Oil & Air Filters

  • Car Transmission Filter Kit
  • Car Cabin Air and Pollen Filter
  • Car Oil Filter
  • Car Air Filter
  • Car Fuel Filter

Car Electronic Sensors

  • Car Temperature Sensor
  • Car Air Flow Mass Meter
  • Car Oxygen Sensor

Car Electrical Components

  • Car Oxygen Sensor
  • Car Heater Blower Motor
  • Car Parking Light
  • Car Spark Plugs
  • Car Eibach Pro Kit
  • Car Spark Plug HT Leads
  • Car Ignition Coil
  • Car Heater Core
  • Car Window Motors
  • Car Alternator
  • Car Water Pump
  • Car Tail Lights
  • Car Antenna
  • Car Thermostats
  • Car Lambda Sensor
  • Car Electronic Control Unit
  • Car Headlights
  • Car Starter Motor
  • Car Bulbs
  • Car ECU Mapping Remap
  • Car Fog Lights
  • Car Cooling Fan
  • Car Fuel Pump

Car Wheel Components

  • Car Alloy Wheel Repairs
  • Car Tyres
  • Car Axle Assembly
  • Car CV Joint Boot Kit
  • Car Ball Joints
  • Car Control Arm

Car Brake Parts

  • Car Brake Master Cylinder
  • Car Brake Discs
  • Car Brake Servo
  • Car Brake Pads
  • Car Brake Calipers
  • Car Brake Drums
  • Car Brake Compensator Valve
  • Car Brake Slave Cylinder
  • Car Brake Rotor

Car Clutch Fitting

  • Car Clutch Slave Cylinder
  • Car Clutch Pressure Plate
  • Car Dual Mass Flywheel
  • Car Clutch Cable
  • Car Clutch Master Cylinder
  • Car Clutch Pedal
  • Car Clutch Kit
  • Car Flywheel

Car Exhaust Systems

  • Car Silencer
  • Car Exhaust Pipes
  • Car Muffler
  • Car Exhaust System Complete
  • Car Exhaust Manifold
  • Car EGR Valve
  • Car Tailpipe
  • Car Catalytic Converter (Catalyst)
  • Car Exhaust Box
  • Car Oxygen Sensor
  • Car Exhaust
  • Car Lambda Sensor

Car Engine Repairs

  • Car Distributor Cap & Rotor
  • Car Engine Mounts
  • Car Timing Chain Kits
  • Car Ignition Coil
  • Car Pistons and Cylinder
  • Car Timing Belt Kits
  • Car Cylinder Head Gasket
  • Car Fuel Injector

Car Gaskets

  • Car Valve Cover Gasket
  • Car Cylinder Head Gasket

Car Lubrication System

  • Car Oil Cap
  • Car Oil and Hydraulic Fluid
  • Car Fuel Cap
  • Car Oil Filter
  • Car Oil Pump
  • Car Oil Sump and Plate

Car Parts

  • Car Power Steering Hoses
  • Car Wiper Blades
  • Car Struts
  • Car Power Steering Pump
  • Car Windscreen Wipers
  • Car Tie Rods
  • Car Bonnet Latch and Strut
  • Car Radiator Pipes
  • Car Serpentine and V Belt
  • Car Hood Emblems
  • Car Radiator
  • Car Steering Rack
  • Car Shock Absorbers
  • Car Throttle Body & Cable

Car Suspension

  • Sway Bar
  • Ball Joints
  • Shock absorbers operation, evidence of Car bush wear
  • Suspension Strut Pivots
  • Idler arm
  • Tie Rods
  • Pitman arm - Rear Wheel Drive Suspension
  • Suspension Struts
  • Rubber Grommets
  • Inner and Outer Tie Rod ends
  • Shock Absorber performance
  • Control Arms or Blades
  • Rubber Bushes
  • Spring Condition
  • Car Additional Suspension Components
  • Struts
  • Car Timing Belt or Cambelt

My Car Won't Start

  • Cylinder head leaking
  • No Power When Accelerating
  • Warning Lights On
  • Tyres vibrate
  • Car Lights not working
  • Car Radiator fan not working
  • Steering Pulls To One Side
  • Judder when braking
  • Car Check Engine Light On
  • Brakes Pull To One Side When Braking
  • Heater Not Working
  • Engine Idles Rough
  • Can't get into gear
  • Corroded Brake Pipes
  • Clutch pedal on floor
  • Car keeps stalling
  • Engine Misfires
  • Vacuum Leak
  • Engine Idle Surge
  • Slipping when cold
  • Engine Temperature Warning Light On
  • Tyre inside edge wears quickly
  • Automatic Locks Not Working
  • Thrust bearing worn
  • Engine Oil Warning Light On
  • Noisy Brakes
  • Engine Overheating
  • Air Conditioning Not Working
  • Loud Engine Noise
  • Battery Keeps going flat
  • Fails Emissions Test
  • Injection System Warning Light
  • Car Immobiliser
  • master cylinder leaking
  • Engine Won't Start
  • Excessive oil consumption
  • My Car Does Not drive Straight
  • Window stuck
  • Clutch Won't work
  • slave cylinder leaking
  • Engine Stalls
  • White Smoke From Exhaust
  • Clutch juddering
  • Poor Fuel Economy
  • Front Tyres wearing quickly
  • Blue Smoke From Exhaust
  • Tyre outside edge wears quickly
  • Fuse keeps blowing
  • Seatbelt Locked
  • Clogged Car air filter
  • Car Headlights not working
  • Dim headlights on engine idle
  • Spongey Brakes
  • ABS Warning Light Always on
  • Clutch slips if revved hard
  • Low Brake Pedal
  • Engine Pings or Knocks
  • Power steering feels stiff
  • My Car Won't Start
  • Coolant Leaking
  • No pick up for first gear
  • Clutch slips at high revs
  • Knocking sound
  • Timing Belt Loose
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